Friday, May 22, 2020
Do you have a special homework space? Do you sit at a desk to do your math problems, or do you balance your book on your knee as you prop yourself up in bed? Many students live in apartments or small houses that make it tough to carve a special place just for homework. For those students who have to lie on the floor or on a bed to read and write papers, homework can be a real challenge. However, the following strategies can help make your workspace more productiveÃ¢â¬âwherever it might be. Turn your kitchen table into a desk. Put your studying supplies into a bag or basket and head to the kitchen table. The kitchen table is often ideal because it offers enough room to spread out. Small supply organizers, like a writing utensil stand or an accordion folder, will enable you to get the most out of the space. Wear noise-blocking headphones. If youre working on your homework in a busy environment, youre sure to face some potential distractions. Noise blocking headphones wont make the space any larger, but they will help you zone out and concentrate exclusively on the material in front of you. Snag a beanbag. If youre used to studying on the floor, consider getting a beanbag chair. Beanbags are incredibly multi-functional: they can serve as a chair, a recliner, or a table. If you get tired of reading in one position, just roll over and adjust your beanbag into a new position. Utilize a glass-topped table. If you have a glass topped coffee table in your home, you may be able to double-up the size of your workspace. Spread the books and papers youre currently using on top of the table, then spread the rest underneath the table. This way, youll know where all of your materials are at all times Ã¢â¬âÃ no more digging through giant stacks of books. Use pillows for posture. If you read on the floor, donÃ¢â¬â¢t place your book on the floor and bend down to read. This position will cause strain on your back and neck muscles. Instead, pile some pillows on the floor and get into a comfortable lying position. Youll be able to read for much longer, and youll be far more comfortable while doing so. Try working outdoors. Students rarely think of the outdoors when assessing potential study spaces, but its often a great option. If you have a patio, balcony, or other shared outdoor space, consider turning it into a study area. Outdoor tables make great desks, and nature is often far less distracting than indoor spaces. Keep it organized. No matter where you end up working, be sure to keep it organized. After each study session, spend 3-5 minutes cleaning up the area: pick up stacks of papers, put books back on the bookshelf, and pack up your backpack for the next day. Next time you return to your study space, it will be neat, clean, and welcoming.
Saturday, May 9, 2020
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Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Chapter 15 The chapter is set during the second year of OkonkwoÃ¢â¬â¢s exile. Obierika goes to visit him, bringing bags of cowries. Okonkwo, Uchendu, and Obierika converse in OkonkwoÃ¢â¬â¢s hut and Obierika brings news of a tribeÃ¢â¬â¢s downfall, Abame. We will write a custom essay sample on Things Fall Apart: Chapters 15-25 or any similar topic only for you Order Now The tribe had been completely wiped out by white men. The clan came across a single white man on an iron horse and were stunned to hear him speaking a different language than them. When they consulted their oracle about the man, the oracle stated to kill the man as the white man would destroy their village. After killing him, they tied up his iron horse to a tree, for they feared it would run away and tell more what happened. A group of three white men then discovered the clan later and saw the tied up iron horse, they quickly fled. The next morning, the town was surrounded and slaughtered, so the oracleÃ¢â¬â¢s vision came true. Okonkwo is furious they would kill a man who said nothing. The fear of white men has grown in the characters. Obierika tell Okonkwo about the events in their village and says he is going to keep harvesting and selling yams off of OkonkwoÃ¢â¬â¢s farm and give him the cowries from it, and that is why he carries the bags of them. Chapter 16 The chapter takes place another two years after the last, a total of four years of his exile have now passed, where Obierika again visits Okonkwo with more unpleasant news. White missionaries have settled in Umuofia and are actively trying to convert the clansmen to their religion. He then informs Okonkwo that Nwoye is one of the ones listening to their words. Obierika is taken back to when it first happened, Nwoye tells him he listens to them because he finds their songs soothing to listen to. The white men use a translator from a different dialect to spread their religion, so many of their words get twisted. The men of Mbanta completely disregarded their word after the white men said all of their gods were fake and not the one true god. Okonkwo believes the missionaries are crazed by ObierikaÃ¢â¬â¢s stories and hopes the rest of the village thinks so as well, as he would like to chase them out with the men of Mbanta. Chapter 17 The white men donÃ¢â¬â¢t intend to leave, as they seem to constantly preach about their God. They eventually ask land to build their church on, and the rulers of Mbanta give them a section of the Evil Forest as a joke. The men arenÃ¢â¬â¢t phased by the evil spirits in the forest and start clearing land to build on. The villagers expect them to die within 28 days, as that is always the max amount of time the gods will allow men to do as they please before killing them. When the men donÃ¢â¬â¢t die, move people convert. Nwoye only ever lingers outside the church and never goes inside from fear his father will find out. Every Sunday, Mr. Kiaga, the interpreter, invites the village to worship. Okonkwo hears of his son befriending many of the white men, and beats him badly. Uchendu arrives in the middle of the beating and makes Okonkwo stop. Nwoye then leaves and moves to Umuofia to join the whiteÃ¢â¬â¢s school, but vows to return for his mother, brothers, and sisters. Okonkwo blames his chi and bad fortune for all of this, while telling himself Nwoye wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t worth helping. Okonkwo seems to think Christianity weak and effeminate, so with his morals and personality, he finds it egregious. Chapter 18 The two groups, Mbanta and Christians, start to have confrontations and some fights break out as the influence of the Christians grow. Converts and villagers threaten each other back and forth, the converts get beaten badly. The white men also start applying their government systems to the people, they prosecute Igbo for killing converts and missionaries. The church starts accepting outcasts and quickly become some of the most powerful. The most unimaginable crime, killing the royal python, is found dead. The elders make all Christians outlaws to the land. Okoli, the suspected killer, is found dead to an illness. The clansmen believe this is their gods fighting back, so they donÃ¢â¬â¢t take any further actions against them, as they believe the gods will settle this whole conflit for them. Chapter 19 As OkonkwoÃ¢â¬â¢s banishment years are coming to an end, he regrets how he spent his time. As Okonkwo nears the last month of his banishment, he celebrates with the people of Mbanta. Okonkwo brings huge amounts of food, so much that itÃ¢â¬â¢s comparable to a wedding celebration. Okonkwo also sends money to Obierika to begin building huts for him in Umuofia so he has a place to stay when he returns. Okonkwo says the feast is just for everyone to meet, but it is mainly just for a show of gratitude for taking him in for seven years. Nearing the end of the gathering, an elder warns the young ones, as he notices kinship is becoming rarer and much less prominent. This allows for Christianity to overcome them and destroy their religion. He then thanks Okonkwo for his show of generosity. Chapter 20 Okonkwo realizes that heÃ¢â¬â¢s been away from his clan for so long, he has most likely lost all his power and titles in the clan. Despite this, he has very high expectations of himself and is determined to regain all of it and more upon returning. Okonkwo gathers his children together and tells them if they want to be women, they can go follow in NwoyeÃ¢â¬â¢s footsteps, but he will haunt, disown, and curse them. Okonkwo again wishes that Ezinma was a boy, with how well she listens and the potential he sees in her. Ezinma has listened to his father and turned down many marriages in order to marry a man in Umuofia to make Okonkwo more powerful. She is nicknamed the Crystal of Beauty because of her looks. The Christians now have deeper and more powerful roots in Umuofia, with their influence now affecting leaders of the clan. Obierika mentions the name of the book, things fall apart, as that is what the white men have done to the clan, as they are no longer united as one. Chapter 21 Okonkwo battles the opinion of his people about the white men in this chapter. He despises them and wants to rid them of their clan, but many do not agree as they have brought a true economy to the people. Mr. Brown, one of the missionaries, is the most respected. He is the one to keep the peace between the clan and the converts. To convert more people, he talks with Akunna, a religious man of Igbo, about religion. Brown realizes that directly attacking their gods will not yield any success, and instead gives positions to those that do convert. These people are to send their children to the school to convert. OkonkwoÃ¢â¬â¢s daughters marry and his sons gain power and respect in the clan, but he is still hung up on how soft the Umuofians have become to allow the white men to completely change their way of living. Chapter 22 A new missionary, Mr. Smith, replaces Brown and is much harsher when it comes to opposing religions. He sees religion as Christianity or nothing, so he has no respect for any Igbo practices or beliefs. His approach to converting the clan is to not try and get more, but to give the ones they have a deeper understanding of the religion. Enoch, a convert, unmasks one of the egwugwu while they were worshipping the earth goddess. The Mother of the Spirits weeping is heard throughout the town, and the egwugwu sought to get revenge on Enoch for what he has done. That following day, they destroyed his huts and headed to the church to kill him. Mr. Smith hides Enoch from the egwugwu as they approach. After a brief conversation and a deliberate mistranslation by Okeke, the interpreter, the egwugwu burn the church to the ground, but refuse to kill any of the Christians. Chapter 23 Okonkwo is extremely pleased by the actions of the egwugwu, with him being one of them again, as he feels like the clan is finally coming back to its old faith. The days following the burning of the church, all the men carry around weapons in case of a retaliation. Mr. Smith complains to the District Commissioner about what has happened and the egwugwu are immediately summoned to speak with him. They bring weapons with them, but are ambushed along the way and arrested. The clan is now under EnglandÃ¢â¬â¢s system of government according to the District Commissioner. Their release is at two hundred bags of cowries, they do not respond and are thrown in jail. The kotma, or soldiers basically, are told to treat them with respect but do not. They shave the heads of the egwugwu and starve them. The bail is eventually paid by the village as they threaten to hang the men if they do not pay. Chapter 24 The egwugwu are sent home shortly after, and the village crier beats his gong. Okonkwo swears vengeance for the way he is treated, even if the rest of Umuofia does not believe he should. In the town meeting, Okonkwo spots Egonwanne, a man notorious for stopping the Umuofians from going to war. Obierika asks if he is scared of him stopping them again, to which Okonkwo responds vehemently that he doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t care about Egonwanne and will fight no matter what the clan decides. Okika, one of the egwugwu, speaks to the people and asks the men of Umuofia to fight against the white men, eve though they would also be fighting their own men who joined them. Five kotma appear and order their meeting to stop. Okonkwo approaches them teeming with rage and in a split second, pulls out his machete and completely decapitates the kotma who ordered the stop. The men of Umuofia go into a spree, but no one tries to run after the four remaining kotma. Okonkwo realizes that because the men have escaped, Umuofia is not going to be waging war against the white men. Chapter 25 The District Commissioner and some kotma demand to see Okonkwo, but he is nowhere to be found. The District Commissioner gets more and more outraged the more he looks, as he cannot find Okonkwo. Okonkwo is then spotted hanging from a tree, he killed himself. It is considered evil for a man to take down the body of someone who committed suicide, so they pay the missionaries to take down and bury the body. During the burial ceremony, Obierika has an outburst of rage and shouts at the men for driving Okonkwo to kill himself, he is ignored by all of them. The District Commissioner thinks to himself about putting the events of Okonkwo into a book he is writing, he first wants to set aside a whole chapter about him, but instead decides to just put him into a single paragraph. How to cite Things Fall Apart: Chapters 15-25, Papers
Wednesday, April 29, 2020
TajfelÃ¢â¬â¢s procedure of the experiment involved two laboratory experiments. The subjects of the first experiment contained 64 boys, 14 and 15 year-old from a school in Bristol. The boys from each group knew each other well, since they were actually in the same houses at the school. The second experiment was similar to the first one, since 48 students also already knew each other. In terms of stereotypes and his study, Tajfel proposed that Stereotyping or putting people into groups is based on a normal cognitive; we tend to group or categories things. By the statement, he meant that we see the people in our group are just the Ã¢â¬ËsameÃ¢â¬â¢ with us because there are certain similarities that makes us parallel with them and thereÃ¢â¬â¢ll be a tendency of us calling the Ã¢â¬ËsameÃ¢â¬â¢ people Ã¢â¬Å"usÃ¢â¬ and those who are different or out-group Ã¢â¬Å"themÃ¢â¬ . This study also has its weaknesses and strengths. One of the strengths; Laboratory experiment method, which makes him to able controlling the environment in terms of what the subjects had experienced during the test, therefore he can ensure that there are no influences that would change their behaviour later on. We will write a custom essay sample on Psychology- Prejudice or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Manipulation of the environment also makes him able to obtain replication due to its standardness in procedures. However, since all of the participants were all male, similar age and came from the same country. In terms of experiment, this study has become biased. It is difficult to decide whether it is good enough to be generalised, due to its gender, age and geographical limitations. The ecological validity is doubtful, considering the experiments were lab studies, where we can jump to an argument that this involved unusual task is held in artificial environment. In other words, the participants acted in the way they thought was demanded of them; Demand Characteristic. This experiment deals with a disruptive and anti-social, very general commons of society in explaining and understanding the causes of prejudice and discrimination. Moreover, this piece of research could be beneficial or helpful to our daily life. Nevertheless, the applications are still limited, regard to ecological validity and the gender, race and cultures.
Friday, March 20, 2020
Barack Obama, Donald Trump and the Birther Movement Barack ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s legacy as the 44th U.S. president includes the killing of Osama bin Laden, helping the economy bounce back from the Great Recession and his controversial health care plan, but his time in office will forever be linked to the birther movement as well. Birthers not only framed Obama as an illegitimate president but also paved Donald TrumpÃ¢â¬â¢s path to the White House. With this overview, learn the origins of the movement, how it spread, and its effect on Obama. Birtherism in Context Barack Obama was born Aug. 4, 1961, in Honolulu, Hawaii, to a native Kansan mother, Ann Dunham, and a native Kenyan father, Barack Obama Sr. But birthers contend that the president was born in Kenya, like his father. They argue that this made him ineligible to be president. Since Ann Dunham was a U.S. citizen, the birther rumors, even if true, would still be wrong about ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s eligibility to be president. As the Harvard Law Review explained in 2015: Ã¢â¬Å"All the sources routinely used to interpret the Constitution confirm that the phrase Ã¢â¬Ënatural born citizenÃ¢â¬â¢ has a specific meaning: namely, someone who was a U.S. citizen at birth with no need to go through a naturalization proceeding at some later time. And Congress has made equally clear from the time of the framing of the Constitution to the current day that, subject to certain residency requirements on the parents, someone born to a U.S. citizen parent generally becomes a U.S. citizen without regard to whether the birth takes place in Canada, the Canal Zone, or the continental United States.Ã¢â¬ The U.S. State Department also notes that a child born abroad to an American citizen and Ã¢â¬Å"one alien parentÃ¢â¬ acquires U.S. citizenship at birth. The birthers have never disputed that Ann Dunham was a U.S. citizen. Their failure to do so seriously weakens their argument, not to mention the fact that Obama has provided documentation about his birthplace, a Honolulu newspaper announced his birth just days afterward and family friends said they met him as a newborn in Hawaii. These friends include former Hawaii Gov. Neil Abercrombie. Abercrombie knew both of Barack Obamas parents well. Ã¢â¬Å"Of course, we had no idea at the time that the future president of the United States was that little boy, that little baby,Ã¢â¬ Abercrombie told CNN in 2015. The former governor became emotional discussing the birther accusations. Ã¢â¬Å"I would just like to ask people who have this political orientation towards the president, respect us here in Hawaii, respect his mother and father. Respect the people that I loved and the people that I knew and the little boy who grew up here in paradise and became president.Ã¢â¬ Ã How the Birther Movement Began Although the birther rumors became extremely widespread, a lot of confusion exists about the origins of the movement. In fact, it has been linked to both Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump. But did either of these two, who became rivals during the 2016 presidential race, actually begin the birther movement? Donald TrumpÃ¢â¬â¢s remarks about birtherism have only added to the confusion. Ã¢â¬Å"Hillary Clinton and her campaign in 2008 started the birther controversy,Ã¢â¬ Trump saidÃ while campaigning for president in 2016. Ã¢â¬Å"I finished it.Ã¢â¬ In 2015, U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz (R-Texas) also blamed Hillary Clinton for the birther rumors. But both Politifact and Fact-check.org, reportedly the first website to acquire ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s birth certificate, have found no connection between the 2008 Clinton campaign and the birther rumors, even if some of her supporters latched on to the unfounded claims. Birtherism simply canÃ¢â¬â¢t be traced to a single source, but Politico has linked it to an anonymous chain email from 2008. The email reportedly stated: Ã¢â¬Å"Barack ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s mother was living in Kenya with his Arab-African father late in her pregnancy. She was not allowed to travel by plane then, so Barack Obama was born there and his mother then took him to Hawaii to register his birth.Ã¢â¬ Daily Beast editor John Avlon has blamed Clinton volunteer Linda Starr of Texas for spreading the email. For her part,Ã Clinton has adamantly denied involvement in the smear campaign. She told CNNÃ¢â¬â¢s Don Lemon that to blame her Ã¢â¬Å"is so ludicrous, Don. You know, honestly, I just believe that, first of all, itÃ¢â¬â¢s totally untrue, and secondly, you know, the president and I have never had any kind of confrontation like that. You know, I have been blamed for nearly everything, that was a new one to me.Ã¢â¬ While the name of the birther responsible for the viral email remains unknown, some birthers have proudly identified themselves with the movement. They include Jerome Corsi, whose 2008 book, Ã¢â¬Å"Obama Nation,Ã¢â¬ accused the president of maintaining dual American and Kenyan citizenship. ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s also former Pennsylvania deputy attorney general Phil Berg. Ã¢â¬Å"Obama carries multiple citizenships and is ineligible to run for President of the United States. United States Constitution, Article II, Section 1,Ã¢â¬ Berg said in a federal District court complaint filed on Aug. 21, 2008. Berg had spent the previous years suggesting that George W. Bush was somehow involved in the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks. After his lawsuit about ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s birthplace came others. Alan Keyes, who ran against Obama in the 2004 Senate race and later for president, filed a suit in California concerning ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s eligibility to be president. California resident Orly Taitz would file more suits. New Jersey resident Leo Donofrio filed such a suit as well. The courts have ultimatelyÃ dismissed all suits involving the birther claims. How Birthers Have Affected Obama In response to the birther claims, Obama has released his birth certificate, which in Hawaii is a certificate of birth. But birthers, including Donald Trump, insisted that the certificate was invalid. Hawaii state officials have even vouched for Obama, including Dr. Chiyome Fukino, then director of the HawaiÃ¢â¬â¢i State Department of Health. The doctor swore in 2008 and 2009, Ã¢â¬Å"I... have seen the original vital records maintained on file by the HawaiÃ¢â¬â¢i State Department of Health verifying Barrack (sic) Hussein Obama was born in HawaiÃ¢â¬â¢i and is a natural-born American citizen.Ã¢â¬ Still, Donald Trump appeared on a number of television programs questioning the authenticity of ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s birth certificate and suggesting that no hospital records of his birth in Hawaii could be found. His wife,Ã Melania Trump, made suchÃ claims on television as well. Spreading the birther claims earned Trump a following among Americans aggrieved that Obama was president. According to polls, more than a quarter of Americans believed Obama was not born in the United States because of the controversy. After years of declaring otherwise, Trump finally admitted that Obama was a U.S. citizen. While stumping for Hillary Clinton in September 2016, First Lady Michelle Obama called the birther claims Ã¢â¬Å"hurtful, deceitful questions, deliberately designed to undermine [ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s] presidency.Ã¢â¬
Wednesday, March 4, 2020
How to Make Sure You Buy the Best Magnifier After you get a rock hammer- maybe even before- youll need a magnifier. The big Sherlock Holmes type lens is a clichÃ ©; instead, you want a lightweight, powerful magnifier (also called a loupe) that has impeccable optics and is easy to use. Get the best magnifier for demanding jobs like inspecting gemstones and crystals; in the field, for quick looks at minerals, buy a decent magnifier you can afford to lose. Using a Magnifier Hold the lens up next to your eye, then bring your specimen close to it, only a few centimeters from your face. The point is to focus your attention through the lens, the same way you look through eyeglasses. If you normally wear glasses, you may want to keep them on. A magnifier wont correct for astigmatism. How Many X? The X factor of a magnifier refers to how much it magnifies. Sherlocks magnifying glass makes things look 2 or 3 times bigger; that is, its 2x or 3x. Geologists like to have 5x to 10x, but more than that is hard to use in the field because the lenses are very small. 5x or 7x lenses offer a wider field of vision, while a 10x magnifier gives you the closest look at tiny crystals, trace minerals, grain surfaces, and microfossils. Magnifier Flaws to Watch for Check the lens for scratches. Set the magnifier on a piece of white paper and see if the lens adds color of its own. Now pick it up and examine several objects, including one with a fine pattern like a halftone picture. The view through the lens should be clear as air with no internal reflections. Highlights should be crisp and brilliant, with no colored fringes (that is, the lens should be achromatic). A flat object should not look warped or buckled- move it to and fro to be sure. A magnifier should not be loosely put together. Magnifier Bonuses Given the same X factor, a larger lens is better. A ring or loop to attach a lanyard is a good thing; so is a leather or plastic case. A lens held with a removable retaining ring can be taken out for cleaning. And a brand name on the magnifier, while not always a guarantee of quality, means you can contact the manufacturer. Doublet, Triplet, Coddington Good lensmakers combine two or three pieces of glass to correct for chromatic aberration- what gives an image blurred, colored fringes. Doublets can be quite satisfactory, but the triplet is the gold standard. Coddington lenses employ a deep cut inside the solid glass, using an air gap to create the same effect as a triplet. Being solid glass, they cannot ever come apart- a consideration if you get wet a lot.
Sunday, February 16, 2020
Guarani and Nationalism - Essay Example The country seemed to understand the idea of nationalism being among the first in West collectively. Apart from the nationalism, the country was long ago associated with industrialization, urbanization and modernization due to proper understanding of nationalism at an earlier stage. At the beginning of times in Paraguay, there was widespread racial mixing and contact with limited immigration trends, political isolation and geographic trends that produced a remarkable homogeneous population. These factors prevented the creation of the society that is stratified or the rise of the Spanish-speaking group. Geography and race together with the history repeatedly led to growth of the ethnic and language identity aspects to the foreground of the political life of the nation fostering and fueling the sense of distinctiveness that has not abated at backyard and intrigued and attracted the scholars from abroad. The ParaguayÃ¢â¬â¢s identification within its territorial integrity and linguistic patrimony is not recent. The background of the identification dates back to the countrys quest for its independence and the self-governance thereafter. This aspect was intensified by the onslaughts that suffered at the time of the War of the Chaco and the Triple Alliance that brought an abiding appreciation and espousal of its distinctive language and heritage. This allegiance culminated in the year of 1967 when Guarani was then declared the national language of Paraguay. Since then Joan Rubin the time when he did the pioneering work it has been assumed that Paraguay is the most bilingual nation in the world and by far its bilingualism is non-volatile rather than a shifting one (Ethnicity and Nationalism (second edition), 2010). The concomitant with the above phenomenon the two languages are supposed to be predominantly infused with positive effect. The Guarani language is